Thankfully, I see, I did qualify the last of my four posts last year on the rise of this earth of ours, and the spread of its peoples ... that more would come to light.
|Photo of Homo -
When I went up to London the other day I had time to spare in Eastbourne before the train left, as I’d hedged my bets re the flooding etc making sure I’d arrive in town for my appointment.
I browsed the newsagents picking up the New Scientist which appeared to have a few interesting blog-type articles in it ...
... one of which relates to the isolation of the tribes of Africa, once their species had started to migrate north populating the rest of the world after inter-breeding with the Neanderthals they encountered in the Middle East and further north.
|Mitochrondial DNA-chart showing large
migrations of human populations ...
NB it is a map of the world - for easier
viewing check out Wiki and the photo data
At the time of my earlier posts in 2013 I’m sure I briefly thought well what about those peoples left behind ... letting them just get on with it ... til modern humans eventually emigrated back into Africa: how brazenly ridiculous can I be?!
The article I spotted is titled ‘The Return to Africa that Time Forgot’ reminding me of my previous posts ... it had been established that our homo sapiens species migrated out of Africa 65,000 years ... but what else happened ...
... other migrations had occurred during those 65,000 years and that western Eurasian genes had entered the African populations sometime between 900 and 3,000 years ago, hinting at important human migrations in historic times, that barely registered in written records.
The article (link below) refers to the ancient stories that seem to offer anecdotal explanations for the genetic findings ... viz the Bible and the Koran ...
So we all have a genetic legacy of Neanderthal in us, to a lesser or greater degree, including the sub-Saharan tribes or peoples ... confirming that early humanity did U turns too ... and returned to their African roots.
Now here’s my new dilemma ... my original posts only referred to us: homo sapiens ... yet there are four (main) human species in the story of our British evolution ... as I found out from my research and in Wikipedia:
homo antecessor (earliest known human species): discovered in Spain and so named in 1997; lived approx 1.2 – 0.8 million years ago.
homo heidelbergensis (sometimes called homo rhodesiensis): found in Europe, Africa and China. Discovered, so named in 1908; lived approx 0.6 – 0.35 million years ago.
homo neanderthalensis (Neanderthal man): found in Europe and Western Asia. Discovered, so named in the mid 1800s; lived approx 0.35 – 0.03 million years ago.
homo sapiens (modern man): found worldwide. Discovered, so named in about 1758; living from about 200,000 years ago ... and still going strong, I think!
|Map from Wiki showing Happisburgh
during the early Pleistocene age;
note the land bridge to Europe: still
connected 800,000 years ago
To add to the excitement of our British evolution, recently it was announced that human footprints had been found in Happisburgh, Norfolk ... dating back 800,000 years – our ancestors from the homo antecessor period.
Prior to this discovery, the oldest footprint in the UK was only 7,500 years old ... one of our homo sapiens ancestors.
To tie all this together The Natural History Museum has a new exhibition entitled “Britain: One Million Years of the Human Story”.
At the entrance to the exhibition we will be able to see casts of the four human species in our evolution.
As the notes to the exhibition highlight – catch a glimpse of the drama and treasure you will find in our evolutionary story.
On the Natural History Museum site – there are films showing:
- how the four homo casts were made ...
- how the team of scientists uncovered and recorded our 800,000 year old homo antecessor footprints ...
... and as I described in those earlier posts, where Eddie Izzard was used as an example with his Neanderthal features, there are films showing the tracing of Neanderthal DNA in other celebrities, such as Bill Bailey, Clive Anderson and Alice Roberts.
I’m really looking forward to seeing this Exhibition and looking back at Britain long before the Romans, Saxons and Vikings arrived ...
Then just to add to the general mix ... The Vikings (Vikings: Life and Legend) are coming to the British Museum ... I gather they arrive on 6th March 2014!
Science in all its disciplines just amazes me about how much is accessible to be researched, to be recorded ... I love this learning ...the internet offers so many possibilities to us, while I'm lucky to live near enough to London for regular visits.
NewScientist article by Catherine Brahic
NaturalHistory Museum Site – promoting the exhibition: Britain, One Million Years of the Human Story ... check out the films here ...
Wikipedia Homo page
The first of my four posts last year: Ice House Earth, Greenhouse Earth and those in-between times ... our planet and its peoples ... part 1/4
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