How could I not do Vancouver, though could have chosen Victoria, now the capital of Vancouver Island.
|Location of Vancouver within|
Vancouver in the late 1800s displaced Victoria as the leading commercial centre on Canada's west coast ... in part due to the prosperity arising from the Klondike Gold Rush and the arrival of the railways 1880s, which soon, in the main, superseded other modes of inland transport.
Early 20th C Vancouver developed its markets for fish, minerals and lumber - then the First World War severely declined economic prosperity ...
... the 1920s growth resumed and the export grain trade held up during the Great Depression of the 1930s ... while its mild climate became a draw for many peoples ... this led to Vancouver replacing Winnipeg as the leading city in western Canada.
|Port of Vancouver|
... the outbreak of the Second World War ended unemployment, trade grew particularly through shipments of wheat to China.
|I highly recommend this|
saga - see note below
But ... the early settlers in the 1850s in the western coasts and Vancouver areas largely ignored the Indigenous members of the Coastal Salish linquistic group ... 'just taking their land' by proclamation under the Crown ...
|The Speaker figure - Brooklyn Museum|
19thC - the voice at the Potlatch ceremony
The Indigenous Peoples had been here for over 8,000 years ... and through the abundance found on the coast enabled them to live in larger, more socially stratified groups than was typical among Indigenous peoples in Canada.
Their great wealth and complex social organisation produced elaborate cultural institutions as exemplified by the potlatch ceremony.
|Vancouver's Chinatown - the largest|
... during the eighty years or so from the mid 1800s to the outbreak of WW2 many peoples from a wide range of countries had by choice, or by offer of employment, or by dubious coercive offers of employment had entered Canada via Vancouver ...*
... apart from the Europeans ... Chinese, Indians (Punjabis), Japanese made up most of the early immigrants obtaining work in the mines and thus establishing 'neighbourhoods' ... there are now many other different cultural areas ...
|Statue of "Gassy" Jack in the historic|
area of Gastown
Gastown was Vancouver's first downtown 'centre', named after "Gassy" Jack Deighton, a Yorkshire seaman, steamboat captain and barkeeper, who arrived in 1867 opening its first saloon.
Gassy Jack's tavern led to other stores and hotels appearing, which in turn led to the Canadian Pacific Railway extending westwards to take advantage of the large natural seaport - which became the vital link in a trade route between the Orient/Asia, Eastern Canada and Europe ...
|Collage of the area|
Now Vancouver is known the world over as the 'go to place' ... wonderful shoreline, stunning British Columbian interior, snow to enjoy, nature to explore, a multi-cultural diversity of ethnic groups ...
... offering delicious foods, choices of art theatre, music, film ... it is a film production centre - earning it the nickname "Hollywood North" ... and even the TED Conference has made Vancouver its home.
|Vancouver was never recognised in his day -|
yet posthumously has been.
It is thought that this recently found painting
might be of Captain Vancouver
To conclude this long post ... the city takes its name from George Vancouver (1757 - 1798) ... who explored and charted North America's northwestern Pacific Coast regions, the Hawaiian Islands and the SW coast of Australia.
Vancouver was a British officer, yet the family name originates from the Dutch "Van Coevorden", denoting somebody from the city of Coevorden, Netherlands ...
That is V for Vancouver both vanquished and victorious ... from Aspects by a British 'girl' in Canada ...
I have recommended this book before - but I'd highly recommend 'Vancouver' that is a Saga, an absorbing historical chronicle of the American coastal northwest and its settlers from the Siberian people through to today ...
* as happened in other parts of the world during WW2 ... any immigrant from an ethnic background would probably suffer from internment - this too was prevalent in Vancouver
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