Now the Need to show you some New Stone Age (Neolithic) sites, Standing Stones, Stone Circles and Quoits which will fall under N …
|Chapel Carn Brea, near Penzance|
So for your dose of Neolithic Cornwall here goes …... the Neolithic period dates from around 4,500 BC to 2,100 BC, when the Bronze Age came in …
10,000 years ago the ice sheets were receding with England once again being re-occupied … Paleolithic Era (Old Stone Age) finds have been evidenced, while Mesolithic sites (Middle Stone Age) have been identified at Dozmary Pool on Bodmin Moor and along parts of the North Cornish Coast.
The New Stone Age (Neolithic) peoples were beginning to settle, had a knowledge of agriculture and built some permanent settlements. They are known as Tor enclosures … with the best one being at Chapel Carn Brea, St Just (near the Botallack mines).
|Lanyon Quoit, near Penzance|
Quoits, Stone Circles, Standing Stones and Stone Alignments all appear in the Neolithic era … burial chambers, known as quoits in Cornwall, are called Dolmen, Cromlechs, Portal tombs or graves … these usually have one chamber covered with a capstone, supported by two or more upright stones …
|Men An Tol on the Land's End peninsula|
(c2,000 BC) . Many people believe that
passing through the stone will cure ills
Monuments such as the Merry Maidens stone circle near Penzance, Men An Tol (Cornish for head stone) on the Land’s End peninsula are examples … the Merry Maidens had pipers piping their dance … but as in my H forHurlers post … they were turned to stone trying to get back in time without breaking the Sabbath …
|Wheal Buller, near Redruth|
Menhirs (French, from Middle Breton: men, “stone” and hir, “long”) large upright standing stones – these can be singly or as part of a group … and their size varies …
There are plenty of these “megalithic” (big stone) monuments across Cornwall … the quoits probably being used for communal and dynastic burials … the acidic moorland soils tend to destroy organic remains … so finds, which might portray their life style, are not available to us …
|Ballowall Barrow, near St Just|
Scillonian chamber tombs or entrance graves are another type … but brought over during the late Neolithic period and are only found in West Penwith, west Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly. These tombs have a chamber to which a stone-lined passage leads from the outside.
Neolithic finds (and possibly some from the Mesolithic era circa 8,000 – 3,500 BC) have been found at St Michael’s Mount, a tidal island accessible by causeway from Marazion, Penzance, Mounts Bay.
Its name in Cornish Karrek Loos yn Koos means “hoar rock in woodland”. From radiocarbon dating of hazel wood found on the beach … it has been established the woods in the bay would have been submerged in about 1,700 BC.
Cornwall is a melting pot of peoples … Celtic, Breton, Welsh, Irish … who can be categorised under the Stone Age, Bronze Age and early Iron Age … the Phoenicians came in later in the Iron Age.
|Chysauster from the air|
There are Iron Age settlements too – Chysauster and Carn Euny, both near Penzance, being two good examples … but for Now …
That is N for Neolithic, their Needs, their Stone Age sites …. from Aspects of British Cornish …
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